One of the most common testing methods, tensile testing, is used to determine the behaviour of a sample while an axial stretching load is applied. These types of tests may be performed under ambient or controlled (heating or cooling) conditions to determine the tensile properties of a material.
Tensile testing is performed on a variety of materials including metals, plastics, elastomers, paper, composites, rubbers, fabrics, adhesives, films, etc.
Tensile testing is commonly used to determine the maximum load (tensile strength) that a material or a product can withstand. Tensile testing may be based on a load value or elongation value.
Common tensile testing results include:
- Maximum Load
- Deflection of Maximum Load
- Load at Break
- Deflection at Break
- Work at Break
- Young's Modulus
- Test Stand - Load Frame: Tensile testing machines are available in single or dual column configurations based on their force capacity.
- Software / Controller: Test software is where operators configure test methods and output results.
- Load Cell / Force Gauge: Depending on the test stand a force gauge or load cell quantifies the applied force on the test specimen.
- Grips and Fixtures: A diverse selection of grips and fixtures is offered to accommodate test specimens of various materials, shapes, and sizes.